ISPAM Resources

Interpretation and Environmental Education

Achieving Relevance in our Second Century: A Five-year Interdisciplinary Strategy for Interpretation, Education, and Volunteers

This strategic plan is a tool for program managers to scale-up innovation and inspire change within the fields of interpretation, education and volunteerism. It offers a vision for the future based on emerging trends, ideas, and effective work. Produced by the National Council for Interpretation, Volunteers, and Education.

The Role of Education and Communications in Proactively and Adaptively Managing Visitor Use of Parks and Protected Areas

This chapter reviews established strategic approaches for accomplishing three interrelated educational goals: increasing enjoyment; fostering appreciation and learning; and reducing inappropriate visitor behaviors. It also provides case studies from successful education studies to demonstrate how theory is turned into practice.