Benefiting from complexity thinking
This book chapter characterizes complexity, frames protected areas as part of a social-ecological system, and provides strategies and examples of how to engage complexity as a benefit to the system.
Systems thinking for planning and evaluating conservation interventions
Transformative conservation in social-ecological systems
This discussion paper for the 2021 World Conservation Congress discusses transformative conservation through a systems lens, offers examples of transformative conservation in practice, and alignment with IUCN’s Nature 2030: One Nature, One Future program.
Exploring the social-ecological systems discourse 20 years later
This synthesis paper provides an overview of the social-ecological systems research of the past two decades including three commonly used frameworks.
Adaptive Governance of Social-Ecological Systems
Cross-scale feedbacks and Resilience of Protected Areas
The article discusses the role of institutional and spatial scale in social, political, and economic aspects in the resiliency of protected areas.